알레르기성 비염의 임상적 고찰
Published Online: May 31, 2020
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa initiated by an Ig Emediated hypersensitivity. There has been a trend to increase in the number of allergic rhinitis patients and many studies have been performed recently.
Allergic study was performed with 303 cases of allergic patients at allergic clinic of Our Lady of Mercy Hospital from Jan. 1987 to Mar. 1991 and following results were obtained.
Among 291 patients, male and female ratio showed 1.4 : 1，and age distribution showed predilection for age of 11 to 20 with cases (24.1%).
Family history for other allergic diseases was 26.1% of allergic rhinitis.
Other associated allergic diseases were 54.8% and the most common disease was allergic skin disease.
Finding of PNS X-ray was abnormal in 35.1%.
Allergic symptoms sustained throughout the year in 44.1, and seasonal predominance was observed in 55.9%. Seasonal highest incidence was in winter, and the lowest was spring.
In nasal eosinophil smear, increased eosinophil was observed in 85.3% and blood eosinophilia was observed in 32.4%.
The estimation of total serum IgE for allergic rhinitis (299 patients) was 398.9 IU/ml.
Positive response for allergic skin test was 53.5%.
Common positive allergens were D.farinae(50.5%)，D.pteronyssinus(46.8%)，house dust (41.8%) and cat fur(35.5%).